About the Journal

The Muallim Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities (MJSSH) is an online electronic publication. It is peer-reviewed and as well an open access journal.

The journal addresses the current issues from the field of social sciences and humanities. Submitted papers will be reviewed by technical committees of the Journal. The audience includes researchers, managers and operators for social sciences and humanities as well as designers and developers. All submitted articles should report original, previously unpublished research results, experimental or theoretical, and will be peer-reviewed. Articles submitted to the journal should meet these criteria and must not be under consideration for publication elsewhere. Manuscripts should follow the style of the journal and are subject to both review and editing. 

Budapest Open Access Initiative:

This journal provides instant access to its content on the principle that free availability of research journals to the public contributes to the global exchange of knowledge.

Frequency: 4 issue per year: January, April, July, and October

Language: English, Tamil, and Malay

Current Issues


சே.செந்தமிழ்ப்பாவை (S.Senthamizhpavai)

DOI : https://doi.org/10.33306/mjssh10

Pages : 124-131


பொதுவாகத் தமிழர்கள் மானத்தைப் பெரிதும் போற்றுபவர்கள். மானம் இழந்ததன் பின் உயிர்வாழ்தல் கூடாது என்னும் கொள்கையினர். இதனைச் சோழ மன்னன் கோப்பெருஞ்சோழன், சேர மன்னன் கணைக்கால் இரும்பொறை ஆகிய இருவர்தம் வாழ்வியல் உணர்த்தும். இத்தகு மானம் காத்தல் என்னும் செயலுக்குக் கவரி என்றும் விலங்கின் இயல்பு வள்ளுவரால் உவமையாக்கப்பட்டுள்ளது. இக்கவரி என்னும் விலங்கு இரையாசிரியர்களால் மான் என்று உணர்ந்து கொள்ளப்பட்டு அவ்வாறே ஆயிரம் ஆண்டுகளாகப் பொருள் கூறப்பட்டு வருகிறது. கவரி என்பது பசுபோன்ற ஒரு விலங்குதானே தவிர மான் இல்லை என்பதே ஆய்வாளரின் கருதுகோள். எனவே, கவரி என்பது மான் என இலக்கண, இலக்கியங்களில் கூறப்பட்டுள்ளதா என்பதே ஆய்வாளரின் தேடல். இந்த ஆய்வின்வழி தமிழ்ச்சமூகத்தில் கவரி என்பது குறித்துக் காலம் காலமாகத் தவறாகக் கற்பிதம் செய்யப்பட்டதை நீக்கி ஓர் உண்மையௌத் தெளிவுறுத்த முடியும் என்பது ஆய்வாளரின் நம்பிக்கையாகும்.

(In Tamil Culture, utmost importance has all along been given to an individual’s honour and dignity.  Once the Tamils feel they have lost their honour and dignity they think it is better to die rather than to live.  They have been holding this ideal as the noblest of principles to be adhered to in all situations in life.  The lives of Chola King Kopperuncholan and the Chera King Kanaikkal Irumporai are shown to be fine examples to illustrate how the ancient Tamils preferred death to dishonour and indignity.  Both the kings are said to have sacrificed their lives for the sake of their honour.  The natures of men who safeguard their honour and dignity zealously are likened to the nature of an animal called Kavari. Kavari has been misinterpreted as a deer for a long long time.  But the present researcher believes that it is not actually a reference to a deer; but it points to an animal which  is a Yak.  The researcher has endeavoured to prove her point through a new study.)


Chemaline Anak Osup

DOI : https://doi.org/10.33306/mjssh11

Pages : 132-140


This article examines the Iban oral literature (traditions) of the Iban society which includes fables, folklore, legends and myths that are orally transmitted and learned but  continue to exist in oral form until the end of the 20th century. The objective of this article is stress the importance of oral literature in the Iban society because it is in this vast and incredibility beautiful literature that the cosmology of Iban society is revealed, and through this also the other people can perceive the soul of Iban culture. However, the Iban oral literature is very fragile as it remains in the memory of the elder generation who are rapidly dying out, and it may not survive long under the conditions of modernization.  Therefore, the Iban society must preserve this oral literature in order to maintain its roots to the past as well as their dignity.  Yet, this oral literature is critical for anthropological study because it provides information about the traditional Iban life.  This article shows that, although the Iban lived in relatively isolated farming communities, they had the time to let their creativity expand and reveal or reflect the nature of their lives, their sorrows and joys, and their relationship through songs and chants, folklore, myths and legends, fables, stories and epics as well as riddles and sayings. This implicates that there is indeed an urgent need for immediate action to recover the dying oral literature because there is a sharp decline in the numbers of ritual specialists who can interpret the metaphors and words in the complex and aesthetic oral literature which contributes to the vast and accumulating universal knowledge of culture and traditions. It is significant to suggest that the Iban society must treasure their oral literature and translate these traditions before it is too late or dying out, as well as keeping it safe for them to appreciate and enjoy, otherwise this oral literature will be swallowed by the era of modernization in the Iban society itself.  


Shyielathy Arumugam; Kway Eng Hock; Zainiah @ Zaniah binti Mohamed Isa

DOI : https://doi.org/10.33306/mjssh12

Pages : 141-171


The purpose of this research is to develop a  symptomatic behaviour screening tool (SymBest) for early childhood educators to identify children with symptomatic behaviours. The measuring constructs of the screening tool are the child developmental domains with developmental delays as items representing the constructs. Fuzzy Delphi analysis was conducted with 18 participants from diverse backgrounds of clinical and education to gain the expert consensus on the suitability of the constructs and items representing SymBest. The findings showed that the experts have a fair degree of agreement on the constructs and the items suggested to form SymBest. The constructs and items with accepted threshold value, percentage of group consensus and fuzzy score is then organized in sequence priority to form the screening tool.